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Mr. Whitman said Russia has not responded to a U.S. diplomatic protest made two weeks ago demanding that the equipment and five Marine Corps Humvees be returned. “We’ve seen no positive response to the demarche,” he said.

“We are trying to determine what equipment was taken and under what conditions and how to get it back,” said a U.S. defense official who spoke on the condition of anonymity. “We know about the Humvees. All the other equipment was left over from the exercise that had taken place. We don’t think it was extensive. Some had already left the country.”

Marine Corps Commandant Gen. James T. Conway told reporters Aug. 27 that four of the Humvees were conventional vehicles and one was an armored vehicle.

“None of those had anything like secret satellite communications; in fact, no radios at all,” Gen. Conway said. “They had radio mounts only … that’s traditionally how we ship.”

Gen. Conway said, “I think we’re going to send the Russians a bill and tell them, you know, either pay up or give us back our vehicles, guys. You know, that’s not the way we do business.”