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The 18-page memo signed by Judge Bybee was one of four “torture memos” released last week. The other three were penned in 2005 by Steven G. Bradbury, who succeeded Judge Bybee as head of the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel.

Judge Bybee was a professor at the Boyd School of Law at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, before Mr. Bush tapped him in 2001 for the Justice Department and in 2003 for the 9th Circuit, which has jurisdiction over federal district courts in Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon and Washington.