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The bill did pass overwhelmingly, with bipartisan support, by a 285-140 vote in the House and a 77-20 vote in the Senate.

Emily Lawrimore, a spokeswoman for Rep. Doc Hastings of Washington, the top Republican on the Natural Resources Committee, said Democrats “jammed this $10 billion, 1,200-page bill” through Congress and that Mr. Obama is doing the same at the White House.

“It appears that the administration’s ‘sunset before signing’ pledge should be renamed ‘sign before sundown.’ This is another unfortunate example of Democrats’ inability to live up to their promises of a more open and transparent government,” she said.

Mr. Obama’s pledge to have bills available for comment does put him apart from other presidents, but voters appear ready to hold him to the higher standard he set. On Thursday, when Mr. Obama hosted a virtual town hall, one of the submitted questions that Mr. Obama didn’t get to answer was why he wasn’t following through on his five-day rule.

Asked at the daily White House briefing about the pledge later that day, press secretary Robert Gibbs said he thought that all except for the stimulus bill had met the five-day comment period.

“I think, in fact, on at least a couple of occasions we’ve not signed bills when we normally planned so that some of them could be reviewed,” he said.

Asked by ABC’s Jake Tapper whether the five-day rule was “a commitment the president intends to uphold from now on,” Mr. Gibbs was unequivocal: “Yes, sir.”