- Associated Press - Monday, December 27, 2010

Three days a week, Yale sophomore James Campbell rises at 5 a.m. for ROTC drills on a college campus that isn’t his own. He would gladly do push-ups and run circles on Yale’s campus.

But even if that were an option, he wouldn’t have much company. Mr. Campbell is Yale’s only ArmyROTC cadet.

Like other ROTC members who attend colleges that do not host the program, Mr. Campbell trains at another school - in this case, the neighboring University of New Haven. Because Yale does not fully recognize ROTC, he does not earn any academic credit toward his Yale degree for the military science course he must take at New Haven for his commission.

Forty years ago, ROTC units disappeared from Yale, Harvard, Columbia, Stanford and other elite schools, casualties of Vietnam-era tension and academic power struggles. Now, those same schools are moving toward welcoming ROTC units back, thanks to the imminent demise of “don’t ask, don’t tell” the policy barring gays from serving openly in the U.S. military.

The mutual interest in resurrecting ROTC detachments is a significant development in the sometimes strained relationship between the military and universities.

But it’s far from certain the military will return to these colleges. And the prospect of renewed campus debates on the topic could expose anti-military sentiment that some suspect lurked beneath stated opposition to “don’t ask, don’t tell.”

“I think it’s more than just rhetoric right now,” said Donald Downs, a professor of political science, law and journalism at the University of Wisconsin at Madison and author of a forthcoming book on the military and universities. “Especially at the administrative level, I think the schools are sincere. The real question is, how willing the military might be.”

Opposition might arise, but universities largely value the positive impact veterans bring to campus, as well as their G.I. Bill money, Mr. Downs said. At the same time, the military long ago shifted officer recruitment to the South, “and a lot of people in the military, they’re not sure the Ivy League-type of student is the kind that would make a good warrior,” he said.

Mr. Campbell is trying to counter such beliefs as head of the Yale College Council ROTC Committee. He points out the college had about 100 students in ROTC when the Army and Navy pulled out in the early 1970s, unwilling to meet Yale demands for an extensive overhaul of the program and elimination of academic credit for ROTC courses.

Although it is often said campuses “banned” ROTC, Mr. Downs and others say the reality is more nuanced. Disputes in the late 1960s and early 1970s centered on whether military programs passed academic muster. But those issues existed before, and colleges didn’t press the issue until outrage over the war in Vietnam boiled over.

“The reason for this perceived divide between the country’s elite academic institutions and its military is, people don’t think students want to serve in the military,” Mr. Campbell said. “But Yale students haven’t been serving in the military because we haven’t had the same channels as everyone else.”

After the Senate recently vote to repeal “don’t ask, don’t tell,” Yale President Richard Levin said the faculty next semester would consider expanding students’ military opportunities. He also said school officials would “consult with officials in Washington early in the new year to determine the military’s interest in establishing an ROTC unit at Yale.”

Columbia University last week announced a university task force would explore whether the school should formally participate in ROTC. In a statement, Columbia President Lee Bollinger said the demise of the military’s policy “effectively ends what has been a vexing problem for higher education, including at Columbia - given our desire to be open to our military, but not wanting to violate our own core principle against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.”

Jose Robledo, a junior in Columbia’s School of General Studies and ArmyROTC cadet who saw combat in Iraq and Afghanistan, said a political position like “don’t ask don’t tell” imposed on the military doesn’t justify creating barriers for students to take part in ROTC.

But to Mr. Robledo, it’s not a simple matter of bringing an ROTC unit to campus. What needs to take place, he said, is a serious conversation about the role of the military in civil society and liberal arts education.

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