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Richard Vogel, past president of the Hemophilia Association of New Jersey, offered a “face” of those with the blood-clotting disease.

“I’m not the man I would have been if I had not tested positive for AIDS in 1982,” said Mr. Vogel, who became infected with AIDS through a blood transfusion.

In a statement released after the vote, the conservative Family Research Council praised the decision.

“This panel heard a day and a half of testimony, including the latest research on HIV risks in the blood supply, but in the end they recognized that there is no alternative screening policy that can be shown to maintain the safety of the nation’s blood supply,” said Peter Sprigg, FRC’s senior fellow for policy studies.