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Mr. McCain described the emergence of a strategic partnership with India as “one of the most consequential, bipartisan successes of recent U.S. foreign policy.”

President Obama traveled to India on Friday for a trip that includes visits to Mumbai and New Delhi.

Expectations have been high in New Delhi that the president will endorse India’s bid for a permanent seat on an expanded United Nations Security Council.

Mr. McCain said the U.S. should support India’s bid. “If we want India to join us in sharing the responsibilities for international peace and security, then the world’s largest democracy needs to have a seat at the high table of international politics,” he said.

While Britain, France and Russia have supported India’s bid for a permanent seat, the U.S. and China are the two permanent members of the Security Council that have not.

India’s relationship with China has been fraught with tension.

China is building deepwater ports suitable for military purposes in countries surrounding India and India’s neighbors are some of the largest recipients of Chinese arms. China and India also have a long-running dispute over borders.

Mr. McCain echoed growing concern in New Delhi about encirclement of India by China.

“It is not difficult to understand why many Indian strategists and leaders, including [Indian] Prime Minister [Manmohan] Singh, see in these actions a Chinese effort to surround India and weigh down its rise to global power with persistent local problems,” Mr. McCain said.

The U.S. and India, too, have their share of differences, specifically on Iran and Burma.

Mr. McCain said India should do more to ensure democracy flourishes in both countries.

“Ultimately, Iranians and Burmese will reclaim their countries and when they do they will remember who was on the right side of history,” he said.

Burma will hold its first election in 20 years on Sunday in which the ruling military is expected to consolidate its grip on power. The opposition National League for Democracy is boycotting the vote and its charismatic leader Aung San Suu Kyi remains under house arrest.