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Draft alien-detention rules could run afoul of the law, senators say
The Obama administration could be breaking the law if it follows through on guidance that would mean the government detains fewer illegal immigrants, two top Republican senators said in a warning letter to the Department of Homeland Security this week.
In recent memos, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, which controls interior enforcement and detention of illegal immigrants, has proposed new rules for what cases agents should pursue and which deportation cases should be dropped. Those policies could violate federal laws requiring that some illegal immigrants be detained, the lawmakers charged.
“These policy memoranda raise serious questions about whether the department is actually complying with existing immigration laws governing the detention and removal of aliens,” Texas Sen. John Cornyn, the ranking member on the Judiciary immigration, refugees and border security subcommittee, and Arizona Sen. Jon Kyl, the second-ranking Republican in the chamber, said in a letter to Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano.
“ICE’s record-breaking enforcement statistics - removing more aliens in 2009 than in any prior year in the agency’s history and already surpassing records for criminal-alien removals in 2010 - demonstrate that we are doing more than ever before to enforce United States immigration laws,” said spokesman Matt Chandler.
One draft memo and another policy memo lay out plans by ICE to be more selective in which cases it will pursue.
The draft memo proposes that ICE agents generally not pick up illegal immigrants unless local police have charged them with serious crimes.
The two Republican senators said that could mean releasing illegal immigrants who commit serious misdemeanors, such as forcible touching or second-degree sexual abuse, which they said are not felonies in New York, for example.
“Both of these offenses are misdemeanors and do not necessarily involve physical injury to the person or property. Under your proposed guidelines, would an alien who has been convicted of one of these offenses be set free?” they said.
The senators also said allowing only ICE officers to begin deportation proceedings would violate the agency’s obligations to local law enforcement officers who take part in the 287(g) program, which trains state or local police to be able to handle immigration-related charges.
The agency’s handling of illegal immigrants has become a flash point in the immigration debate, and Mr. Obama is under intense pressure from both sides.
Those calling for a crackdown say he is being too lenient and it amounts to a de facto amnesty, but immigrant rights groups have demanded he halt all deportations and instead focus on passing a bill legalizing illegal immigrants.
Mr. Obama has rejected halting deportations, and said he is trying to pass a broad legalization bill, but that it cannot be done without more Republican support - something key Republicans say will only come after more is done to secure the borders.
But in the meantime, ICE has changed its operations to focus more intensely on fugitives and immigrants with criminal records, while paying less attention to other illegal immigrants.
Through July, ICE had deported 152,862 criminal immigrants, or nearly 40,000 ahead of last year’s pace. But the agency has more than made up for that by deporting 50,000 fewer noncriminal immigrants than at the same time last year.
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About the Author
Stephen Dinan can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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