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“I see this as a last-gasp effort by Congressman Hunter to show us all he’s on the wrong side of history,” said Winnie Stachelberg of the Center for American Progress, a liberal-leaning Washington think tank.

Ms. Stachelberg said she doubts the bill will make it out of the House and even may die at the committee level.

“There are far more pressing issues facing our national security, our troops and military families than whether we should add four additional individuals to a certification progress that already includes their boss,” she said.

Peter W. Singer, a defense expert with the Brookings Institution, a centrist Washington think tank, said Mr. Hunter’s proposal is little more than a symbolic move to prolong a debate that is over.

“How long do we want to drag this out?” he said. “One of the lessons we’ve learned from other countries that have gone through this is to make a decision and implement it quickly.”