BANGKOK — Thai voters on Sunday elected their first female prime minister — the sister of a disgraced telecommunications mogul who was toppled as prime minister in a military coup five years ago.
According to official results announced Monday by Thailand’s Election Commission, Yingluck Shinawatra and her Pheu Thai party won a landslide victory, taking 265 of the 500 seats in parliament. The incumbent prime minister, Abhisit Vejjajiva, and his Democrats held only 159 seats.
Mr. Abhisit, 46, conceded defeat Sunday night and congratulated Mrs. Yingluck, 44, the sister of Thaksin Shinawatra, toppled in a 2006 military coup. Mr. Thaksin later was sentenced to two years in prison on corruption charges and fled to the United Arab Emirates, where he has lived in self-imposed exile.
Thaksin has said his sister is his “clone.” The Pheu Thai, or For Thais, party slogan is: “Thaksin Thinks. Pheu Thai Acts.”
Early exit polls also showed a parliamentary victory for Chuwit Kamolvisit, the flashy former owner of massage parlors and brothels who claimed to have paid bribes to police officers but campaigned against corruption.
As a member of the Rak Prathet Thai (Love Thailand) party, Mr. Chuwit attracted and amused voters on all sides with his comedy-inspired antics, theatrical facial gestures and claims to be against graft.
In a 2004 interview, he boasted of keeping a list of corrupt police whom he had paid a total of $5 million to “make my business smooth.”
Mr. Chuwit described the incriminating list as his “insurance” against harassment. During his campaign for a seat in parliament, Mr. Chuwit vowed to remain in the opposition so he could freely criticize whoever was in power.
Political activists are now watching for any hint that the military might attempt to reverse the election. Army Chief Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha was involved in the 2006 coup.
Mr. Abhisit hoped to stay atop his coalition government with the help of Gen. Prayuth and other anti-Thaksin generals, along with businessmen, royalists and the urban middle class. Thaksin and his sister are supported by the country’s agricultural and industrial poor, or Red Shirts.
During the past few weeks, an acrimonious election campaign was filled with hateful sloganeering.
Mr. Abhisit denounced Thaksin as a “terrorist” and warned that many of Mrs. Yingluck’s Red Shirt candidates and supporters “torched our nation” last year in anarchistic arson attacks that left much of Bangkok smoldering.
Mrs. Yingluck’s supporters, meanwhile, blamed Mr. Abhisit for ordering the military to turn snipers, armored personnel carriers and other weapons against thousands of Red Shirt demonstrators in April and May 2010, resulting in 91 deaths, mostly civilians.
Thaksin compared Mr. Abhisit to Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi “for ordering his troops to use live ammunition and deploying both snipers and tanks against protesters.”