- Associated Press - Monday, June 27, 2011

THE HAGUE — International judges on Monday ordered the arrest of Col. Moammar Gadhafi on charges of murdering Libyan civilians who rose up against him, as NATO warplanes pounded his Tripoli compound and world leaders stepped up calls for the Libyan leader to resign.

The International Criminal Court said Col. Gadhafi, his son Seif al-Islam Gadhafi and his intelligence chief, Abdullah al-Sanoussi, are wanted for allegedly orchestrating the killing, injuring, arrest and imprisonment of hundreds of civilians during the first 12 days of an uprising to topple the Gadhafi regime, and for trying to cover this up.

Presiding Judge Sanji Monageng of Botswana called Gadhafi the “undisputed leader of Libya” who had “absolute, ultimate and unquestioned control” over his country’s military and security forces.

She said prosecutors presented evidence showing that following popular uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt, Gadhafi and his inner circle plotted a “state policy … aimed at deterring and quelling by any means — including by the use of lethal force — demonstrations by civilians against the regime.”

Hundreds of civilians were killed, injured or arrested, she said, adding there were “reasonable grounds to believe” that Gadhafi and his son were both responsible for the murder and persecution of civilians.

Gadhafi‘s regime rejected the court’s authority even before the decision was read, accusing it of unfairly targeting Africans while ignoring what it called crimes committed by NATO in Afghanistan, Iraq “and in Libya now.”

“The ICC has no legitimacy whatsoever … all of its activities are directed at African leaders,” Libyan government spokesman Moussa Ibrahim told reporters Sunday.

Rebels welcomed the court’s action, but appeared divided about where Gadhafi should ultimately stand trial.

Mustafa Abdel-Jalil, head of the Benghazi Interim Council, said rebels would “welcome all assistance from the friendly countries” to help arrest the Libyan leader, and added: “We will hand Gadhafi to (the) ICC.”

Mohammed al-Alaqi, justice minister in the Libyan rebel administration, picked up a copy of the warrant from the court, but suggested Gadhafi could be prosecuted in Libya “under the standards of this court.”

He also hoped the warrants would persuade Gadhafi‘s forces to defect. “Maybe this decision will make the military brigades change their minds, because Gadhafi and his son have no future at all,” he said.

In Washington, White House spokesman Jay Carney said the warrants underscored the need for justice and for holding Gadhafi accountable, while State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said Gadhafi‘s “isolation is deepening and many of his former aides have abandoned him. And it’s time for him to get the hint that it’s time to go.”

In Brussels, NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said the decision “reinforces the reason for NATO’s mission, to protect the Libyan people from Gadhafi‘s forces. He added that the Libyan leader and his supporters need to realize that “time is rapidly running out for them.”

NATO air forces have been conducting daily air strikes against military targets in Libya for the past 100 days — a bombing campaign that has drawn increasing international criticism.

In Tripoli, two loud explosions shook the area near Gadhafi‘s compound Monday, setting off a chorus of emergency sirens in the Libyan capital. Libyan officials said NATO fired two missiles targeting Gadhafi‘s personal bus, about 100 yards (meters) from the human shields the Libyan government keeps inside Gadhafi‘s Bab al-Aziziya compound.

Journalists were taken to see a heavily damaged, burned-out bus inside the compound two hours after the strike. It didn’t appear to have been struck recently, however, since it was cool to the touch. No one was reported killed in the strike, though officials said two people were slightly injured.

A coalition including France, Britain and the United States began striking Gadhafi‘s forces under a United Nations resolution to protect civilians on March 19. NATO assumed control of the air campaign over Libya on March 31 and is joined by a number of Arab allies.

European nations praised the warrants.

Gadhafi is now a fugitive from international justice,” British Prime Minister David Cameron told lawmakers in the House of Commons. “The pressure and the time is telling on Gadhafi, and we will not let up until the job is done.”

In Paris, French President Nicolas Sarkozy said “after 41 years of dictatorship, it is perhaps time to stop, for him to leave power.”

The Foreign Ministry of Italy, Libya’s former colonial ruler, said the warrants confirmed that Gadhafi had “lost all legitimacy, political and moral.”

“As such, he can have no role to play in Libya’s future,” it said.

Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, however, warned that military action alone won’t solve the crisis in Libya, and said his nation backs attempts to reach a political solution there.

“Foreign troops may be able to win war in a place, but they can hardly win peace. Hard lessons have been learned from what has happened in the Middle East and Afghanistan,” Wen told reporters in London on Monday. Wen said China has had recent contacts with both Gadhafi‘s regime and the main opposition leadership based in eastern Libya.

It’s unclear how the arrest warrant could restrict Gadhafi‘s travels within Africa, since many African states are not International Criminal Court signatories and others have declined to act on an ICC arrest warrant for another African leader, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. The Sudanese leader was on his way to China at Beijing’s invitation when the warrant was announced for Gadhafi.

The African Union has said al-Bashir’s arrest would dangerously imperil the fragile peace process in Sudan and asked the U.N. to defer the warrant for one year. The AU’s host country of Ethiopia is not an ICC member.

Gadhafi regularly attends AU summits. The African Union will hold a summit later this week in Equatorial Guinea, which is also not an ICC member.

Adam Schreck in Tripoli, Libya, contributed to this report.

Copyright © 2016 The Washington Times, LLC.

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