- Associated Press - Monday, August 13, 2012

RIO DE JANEIRO — The snuffing-out of the Olympic flame in London on Sunday marked a conclusion for most; but for 2016 host city Rio de Janeiro, it kicked off four years of pregames jitters and a race against the clock to ready this notoriously laid-back beach town for the global sports showcase.

Playing Olympic host is a high-stakes bet for any country, but Brazil seems to have more riding on the games than most others. The nation has undergone an economic surge over the past decade, as it overtook Britain as the world’s sixth-biggest economy. Brazilians regard the Olympics as their grand entrance onto the world stage.

Still, observers say efficiency and punctuality have never been the country’s strong suits, and many are bracing for a rocky ride as Rio rushes to build the city’s four main Olympic sites and undertakes a massive, pregames infrastructure overhaul. Rio is also one of 12 Brazilian cities gearing up to host the World Cup soccer tournament in 2014.

“On the ground, we can expect cost overruns and a rush to push through projects. Cariocas [Rio residents] will see their cost of living increase, their streets clogged and the branding of their public spaces,” said Christopher Gaffney, an American professor at the graduate school of architecture and urban planning at the Fluminense Federal University in Rio’s sister city, Niteroi.

“While the Brazilians will undoubtedly pull together a great party, the hangover will last for a generation,” said Mr. Gaffney, whose research focuses on preparations for the World Cup and Olympics.

More than 230 projects are slated to be finished by the 2016 Games, with the sports venues scheduled for delivery between mid-2015 and early 2016 for test events, according to the International Olympic Committee. Of those, more than 65 have been completed or are in the final stages.

That leaves a high volume of projects to be carried out simultaneously over the next four years — a feat that even Rio 2016 organizers acknowledge is tricky.

‘On time and according to schedule’

“Time is an adversary, but time is also on our side,” Leonardo Gryner, CEO of the Rio 2016 organizing committee, told reporters at a news conference Friday in London.

“We’ll get a few cold sweats, but this is normal. We are on time and going according to schedule.”

Rio 2016 organizers see the games as a pivotal moment in the city’s history that will turn the page on the decades of slow decline and neglect that followed the loss of the capital to Brasilia in 1960. Speaking at a recent news conference, Rio Mayor Eduardo Paes promised that the Olympics would leave an “enormous legacy.”

City, state and local governments are investing nearly $12 billion in massive infrastructure projects that they say will help revitalize derelict urban areas and ease the chronic transportation woes in this metropolis of 6 million. Beyond the sporting venues, Rio is slated to get a new metro line, a revamped airport, improved roads and a renovated port.

Many of the projects have been tainted by controversy, some even before ground was broken.

Amnesty International and the United Nations have called attention to allegations of human rights abuses in connection with the evictions of families living on land slated for Olympic and World Cup projects.

Nationwide, some 170,000 people are facing threats to their housing, or already have been removed, in the 12 cities that will host World Cup matches, according to the Coalition of Popular Committees for the World Cup and the Olympics, an advocacy group for residents of the affected shantytowns.

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