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Prime minister who defected says Syrian regime near collapse
Question of the Day
AMMAN, Jordan (AP) — The Syrian prime minister who defected to the opposition said Tuesday that President Bashar Assad’s regime was near collapse and urged other political and military leaders to tip the scales and join the rebel side.
The comments by Riad Hijab were his first public statements since leaving his post and fleeing to Jordan with his family last week. Mr. Hijab is the highest-ranking political figure to defect from Mr. Assad’s regime.
“The regime is on the verge of collapse morally and economically, in addition to cracks in the military,” Mr. Hijab told a press conference in the Jordanian capital, Amman.
Mr. Hijab is a Sunni Muslim from the eastern province of Deir el-Zour, where rebels claimed to have shot down an army MiG-23 warplane on Monday. Mr. Hijab, who was not part of Mr. Assad’s inner circle, said the trip to Jordan lasted three days, during which he was protected by rebels of the Free Syrian Army.
He said he felt “pain in his soul” over the regime’s shelling and other attacks on rebel strongholds as the government stepped up its military offensive. Activists say more than 20,000 people been killed in the struggle since March 2011.
Mr. Hijab said he was now backing the rebels, but he gave no clue on his plans. There has been speculation that he would travel to the Gulf nation of Qatar, which is one of the rebels’ main supporters.
A spokesman for outgoing U.N. peace envoy Kofi Annan said that Syrian authorities have backed Lakhdar Brahimi as his successor. The spokesman, Ahmed Fawzi, said the next step was for Mr. Brahimi, a former Algerian foreign affairs minister and longtime U.N. official, to formally accept the post and resume efforts for a diplomatic solution to Syria‘s crisis.
In Geneva, the United Nations said its humanitarian chief, Valerie Amos, has begun talks in Syria on a mission to boost international aid inside the war-battered country. Ms. Amos was to meet with Syria‘sForeign Ministry and the Red Crescent, which has been the pipeline for humanitarian supplies to Syrians caught in the civil war.
Jens Laerke, a spokesman for the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Geneva, said Ms. Amos is on a three-day visit to the region. The United Nations estimates that 2 million people in Syria have been injured or displaced or are facing problems securing food or other necessities. Also, more than 200,000 people have fled to neighboring countries, including Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan.
The video is the latest incident to reflect rising sectarian divisions in Syria‘s vicious civil war, which has seen an increase in abductions of Shiite Muslims, who many rebel fighters perceive as supporting Mr. Assad. The regime is dominated by members of Mr. Assad’s Alawite minority sect, an offshoot of Shiite Islam. Sunnis, who are the majority in Syria, make up the backbone of the opposition.
The video purporting to show the captured Lebanese man followed another highly circulated rebel video Monday, showing the downing of the Syrian MiG and armed men later holding the captured pilot who ejected. Syria acknowledged a pilot had bailed out of a disabled plane but blamed the crash in Deir el-Zour on a technical malfunction.
In the video with the Lebanese captive, a man identifies himself as Hassane Salim al-Mikdad and says he was one of 1,500 Hezbollah fighters sent to Syria on Aug. 3. The video was said to have been released by rebels and was aired by Arab satellite TV Al-Arabiya on Tuesday.
“Most of those who entered were snipers,” said the captive, whose face showed bruises as three masked gunmen stood behind him. A man who could not be seen was asking the hostage questions.
The captive then says that the Hezbollah leader, Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, gathered the men before they headed to Syria and told them that they should go to “support the Shiite regime and the Shiite army against Sunni gangs.” The authenticity of the video could not be independently confirmed.
Hezbollah issued a statement early Tuesday saying it “categorically denies that Mr. Hassane Salim al-Mikdad is one of its members.”
There have been several attacks and abductions in Syria of Shiites from Lebanon, Iran and Iraq over the past months that were blamed on Syrian rebels. In May, Syrian rebels captured 11 Lebanese Shiites shortly after they crossed from Turkey on their way to Lebanon.
Earlier this month, Syrian rebels captured 48 Iranians near Damascus. Rebels claim the Iranians include members of Tehran’s Revolutionary Guard and were on a “reconnaissance mission” in the Syrian capital. Iran insists the men were on a religious pilgrimage.
The Lebanese apparently are being held to try to pressure the government in Beirut to show greater support for the Syrian rebels — which is unlikely because of Hezbollah’s strong influence and backing of Mr. Assad.
Also, many Iraqi Shiites, streaming back to their homeland in the past month to escape the conflict in Syria, reported a rash of attacks against their community, apparently by Sunni rebel gunmen. In July, 23 Iraqi Shiites were killed in Syria, some of them beheaded, according to the Washington-based Shiite Rights Watch. In one gruesome case, the U.N. said an Iraqi family of seven was killed at gunpoint in their Damascus apartment.
The motives for the attacks on Iraqis are unclear. They may be revenge against any Iraqi because the Shiite-led Iraqi government is seen as siding with Mr. Assad.
In other violence across Syria on Tuesday, activists reported clashes and shelling in the northern city of Aleppo, the southern province of Daraa, suburbs of Damascus and the northwestern region of Idlib.
On Monday, gunmen abducted Ahmad Sattouf, the correspondent of Iran’s Arabic-language TV al-Alam, in the central city of Homs, his wife told the Associated Press. She said he was taken from his office and his whereabouts are unknown.
The state-run Syrian news agency, SANA, said one of its reporters was wounded Monday while covering clashes in Aleppo.
Associated Press writers Bassem Mroue in Beirut, Albert Aji in Damascus and John Heilprin in Geneva contributed to this report.
By Andrew P. Napolitano
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