Continued from page 1

Taken as a whole, recent developments suggest the voucher program is moving toward expansion, not extinction. More than 1,600 students enrolled in 53 participating schools through the program in the 2011-12 school year, a 60 percent increase from the previous year. Among them, 87 percent were black and 11 percent were Hispanic. Students from east of the Anacostia River accounted for more than 43 percent of participating students, and the average household income for enrollees citywide was $23,401 in 2010.

Roughly half of last year’s recipients — 816 —attended 18 Catholic schools in the District, according to the Archdiocese of Washington.

Mr. Boehner said this summer’s negotiations were consistent with the Scholarships for Opportunity and Results Act of 2011, which Mr. Obama signed during last year’s springtime budget standoff. The legislation, which Mr. Boehner and Mr. Lieberman pushed to passage, renewed the scholarship program for five years and mandated that an annual federal payment of $60 million be split in equal thirds among the program, D.C. Public Schools and public charter schools in the District.