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“This year, we have a surge of 72 percent in comparison to same period last year,” Mr. Uhl said. “If the number is broken down, the surge is almost exclusively rooted in 10,000 Roma from Macedonia and Serbia.”

“If you look at those 10,000 asylum requests placed in this year, you will see not a single one was approved,” he said. “For none of them the conclusion was made they were racially, politically or religiously persecuted. All had to leave Germany.”

Sweden gives asylum seekers pocket money of about $127 a month per person for those who get free food and about $330 a month for those who buy their meals. The asylum process usually lasts between three and six months.

Belgium and the Netherlands pay applicants for work they do while seeking asylum and gives them a lump payment when they agree to leave.

At a meeting last month, EU interior ministers urged western Balkan nations to halt the migration stem or face restoration of travel visas.

“If they want to belong to Europe, they must ultimately take care of these people,” German Interior Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich said after the meeting. “They have to do things so that these people don’t feel discriminated against.”

Serbian authorities say there is little they can do to stop people from traveling abroad without violating their basic human rights.

“If we were to start pulling Roma passengers out of buses on the border, we would be crucified,” Serbian Prime Minister Ivica Dacic said recently.