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Ebola is “characterized by fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, sore throat, and weakness, followed by diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain.

A rash, red eyes, hiccups and internal and external bleeding may be seen in some patients,” according to a fact sheet by the U.S.-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The virus can be transmitted through direct contact with the blood or secretions of an infected person, or objects that have been contaminated with infected secretions.

For example, the virus can be contracted during communal funerals when the bereaved come into contact with an Ebola victim, officials said, warning against unnecessary contact with suspected cases of Ebola.

Ms. Nanyunja, of WHO, said Ugandans near the Ebola epicenter should practice what she called “social distancing,” avoiding things such as handshakes and similar contact.