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The number of people working in gambling and related industries has doubled over the past seven years to nearly 90,000, or about a quarter of the workforce. About 23,000 are dealers.

Mr. So said that because of casino workers’ influence on society, Macau’s people are more materialistic and care more for fast cash than careers.

Macau’s casino boom has caused a rise in problem gambling “because the dealers, they think they know how to gamble, and they start to gamble, and of course they lose,” Mr. So said.

The boom has had other side effects: It has reshaped the landscape of the 211-square-mile city.

Flashy, oversized resorts built in the Cotai district, including the Sands Corp.’s Venetian Macao, the world’s biggest casino, have added a brash and jarring contrast to the city’s European-style architecture.

Created by filling in the sea between Coloane and Taipa islands, Cotai will be the site of the next wave of expansion by Sands and Macau’s five other licensed casino operators.

Public discontent is rising over a sharply widening wealth gap and surging property prices.

The government, which earns more than 70 percent of its tax revenue from casinos, has tried to pacify the public by giving annual cash handouts to each resident. Chief Executive Fernando Chui, the city’s leader, said last week that the amount would rise to 8,000 patacas next year.

Mr. Chui also announced plans to provide more housing for residents and offer interest-free loans to young entrepreneurs.

But some are skeptical such measures will make any difference.

Macau is a complete illusion of prosperity because what we are building is only casinos, rooms and some shops with famous brands,” said lawmaker Jose Coutinho.