The government’s chief watchdog for Afghanistan reconstruction said that billions of dollars continue to be lost due to corruption and fraud, and expressed concerns that U.S. funding is unwittingly helping Iran.
“The impending end of the combat mission in Afghanistan has led some to erroneously believe that the Afghan reconstruction effort is waning,” said John Sopko, the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction, or SIGAR.
“The next two years and beyond will be the most critical period for reconstruction,” he added.
Testifying before the national security subcommittee of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, Sopko said there is concern that a troubled U.S.-funded fuel program is actually sending dollars to Iran.
“Iran supplies a large percent of oil to Afghanistan,” he said, because “Iranian oil is the cheapest.”
The troubled program gives funding to the Afghan national government to allow it to purchase fuel for it’s military operations. But despite giving more than $1 billion to the Afghan National Army to purchase the fuel, Sopko‘s office found Defense Department officials haven’t kept tabs on the program. In fact, financial records for the program are largely missing from 2007 until February 2011, and SIGAR has previously said they have evidence that some of the records were shredded.
“The U.S. lacks oversight and accountability over more than $1 billion in fuel that it has provided to the Afghan Army over the last five years,” said the committee’s ranking member, Rep. John Tierney, D-Mass.
Once the money is given to Afghanistan, the U.S. has been largely taking a hands-off approach, Sopko said. But if the Afghans are in turn using U.S. funds to purchase cheap Iranian fuel, then America could be violating an international embargo on Iranian oil, designed to put pressure on the regime as it pursues nuclear capabilities.
“The United States could be the biggest violator of the oil embargo,” Sopko said. “We have no real controls in place.”
Lawmakers said they were upset about the ongoing waste and abuse in Afghanistan, and suggested it’s time to debate whether the U.S. should withhold funding until oversight improves.
“We continue to provide direct assistance worth billions of dollars to one of the most corrupt states in existence,” said sub-committee Chairman Jason Chaffetz, R-Utah, who said maybe the U.S. should make payments “straight to Dubai and skip the middle man.”
Fellow Republican John Mica, Fla., said that “Afghanistan is turning into a huge black hole for the American taxpayer and almost a bottomless pit for expenditures.”
Sopko said money is given to the Afghan government to spend as it allows them more independence over their own affairs. But the lack of continuing oversight by the U.S. means the money is falling prey to corruption and fraud.
And America’s own plans are making oversight difficult, he said. Civilian inspectors like SIGAR must follow the rule of the “Golden Hour,” meaning they can be no more than an hour travel time away from a qualified medical facility. As U.S. troops draw down, the “bubble” of territory that SIGAR can safely inspect will shrink, Sopko said.