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The same APA report, however, conceded that “there are no scientifically rigorous studies of recent SOCE that would enable us to make a definitive statement about whether recent SOCE is safe or harmful, and for whom,” Mr. Staver said in his brief to the appellate court. In fact, sexual-orientation issues in children “are virtually unexamined,” he said, adding that there is no empirical evidence that SOCE harms minors.

The three-judge panel granting the emergency injunction did not elaborate on their reasoning. The panel included Judges Alfred T. Goodwin, Edward Leavy and Milan D. Smith Jr.

Meanwhile, Rep. Jackie Speier, California Democrat, has introduced a House resolution denouncing SOCE. New Jersey lawmakers have introduced a bill similar to S.B. 1172, and gay rights advocates say they expect to see more such bills introduced this year.