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Many Egyptians have turned apathetic in the absence of change. Almost 70 percent of registered voters failed to turn out for the referendum on the constitution. This group is referred to in Egypt as the “couch party.”

Two years ago, Mr. Maher used a Facebook group to organize youths hungry for change. The opposition needs to do a better job organizing and have a clear plan if it hopes to be a match for the Islamists, who have strong networks and clear goals, he said.

The danger in Egypt now is that the people’s frustration could once again erupt in the kind of protests that toppled Mubarak two years ago.

“Nothing has improved for sure,” Mr. Kamel said. “People are losing hope and that is extremely dangerous.”