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Top-level employees at VA facilities in Ann Arbor, Michigan; Buffalo, New York; Little Rock, Arkabsas; Harlingen, Texas; and Jackson, Mississippi, received bonuses totaling $109,887 in fiscal 2013, according to data provided by the House Veterans Affairs’ Committee, despite whistleblower reports including unsanitary equipment and improperly credentialed surgeons.

The fiscal 2013 bonuses were paid Feb. 28, according to the House Veterans’ Affairs Committee.

Committee Chairman Jeff Miller, Florida Republican, called for the next VA secretary to cancel the bonuses in light of the department’s problems.

“The VA secretary has the authority to rescind these bonuses anytime within a year of when they were paid, and I am calling on him to take this action where he deems appropriate,” Mr. Miller said.

The VA awarded almost 284,000 bonuses in fiscal 2013, totaling close to $278 million. Lawmakers have complained before that those who cook books and neglect patients are rewarded rather than punished and have held hearings on unearned bonuses for senior VA executives.

Rep. Michael H. Michaud, Maine Democrat and the committee’s ranking member, said the VA should have a zero-tolerance policy and fire anyone who is found to have retaliated against whistleblowers.

“How do we fix this culture and encourage all VA employees to step forward to identify problems and work to address these problems?” Mr. Michaud said. “Talk is cheap. Real solutions are hard to find. It is clear to me that the VA as it’s structured today is fundamentally incapable of making real changes in the culture.”

But Mr. Miller said the VA had not been cooperative and evaded congressional demands for accountability.

“When pressed on this clear lack of consequences, department officials have pointed to nondisciplinary actions, such as employee transfers, resignations and retirements, or bureaucratic slaps on the wrist, such as temporary written warnings, in a disingenuous attempt to create the illusion of accountability,” Mr. Miller said.

The committee chairman said such actions were not remotely sufficient.

“Such semantic sleights of hand are insulting to the veterans seeking care at the department and their families as well as the taxpayers who fund VA’s operations,” he said.

Mr. Miller said Tuesday night that he is drafting legislation to better protect whistleblowers at the VA.