Gamal Abdel Nasser (; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt from 1956 until his death. Along with Muhammad Naguib, the first President, he led the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 which overthrew the monarchy of Egypt and Sudan, and heralded a new period of modernization, and socialist reform in Egypt together with a profound advancement of pan-Arab nationalism, including a short-lived union with Syria.
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; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt from 1956 until his death. Nasser planned the 1952 overthrow of the monarchy, and served as deputy prime minister in the new government. In 1953, Nasser introduced far-reaching land reforms and following a 1954 Muslim Brotherhood-led assassination attempt on his life, he ordered a crackdown against the organization, put President Muhammad Naguib under house arrest, and assumed executive office. A June 1956 public referendum approved both the new constitution and Nasser's nomination for presidency.