- The Washington Times - Sunday, February 6, 2005


When US Airways filed for bankruptcy in September — its second filing in two years — many analysts wondered aloud whether the airline’s days were numbered.

The speculation intensified over the holiday season, when the airline experienced what its own chief executive labeled “an operational meltdown” at its Philadelphia hub, which he blamed on surly workers staging a wildcat sickout — an accusation rejected by union leaders.

But a flurry of good news in the past few weeks has airline management optimistic again. The airline even took out full-page ads in major newspapers declaring “Clear Skies Ahead.”

Chief Executive Officer Bruce Lakefield wrote a letter to the airline’s frequent fliers, confidently stating, “We believe the most difficult days are behind us.”

The change in tone comes after the most militant of the airline’s unions, the International Association of Machinists, agreed to new labor contracts that cut pay by 12 percent to 20 percent. The contracts were approved decisively, with more than 60 percent in favor.

The Arlington-based air carrier also obtained financing with its primary lenders that give it the necessary cash to operate through at least June, by which time the airline hopes to have emerged from bankruptcy altogether.

Yesterday, the airline expanded operations at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, adding flights to Atlanta, Chicago, Cleveland, Dallas, Detroit and Houston. The airline is seeking to hire 200 new baggage handlers and customer service agents to support the expanded operation.

After initial difficulty in filling the positions, US Airways attracted hundreds of applicants to a job fair last week, even with starting pay as low as $7.52 an hour and $9.59 an hour, depending on the job.

“There were plenty of naysayers out there who said this couldn’t be done, that US Airways would wither in the face of employee opposition,” Mr. Lakefield told employees on the day the IAM ratified its new contracts. “You have proven them wrong.”

Indeed, some of the airline’s strongest critics have changed their tune. Terry Trippler, who runs the travel Web site TerryTrippler.com, said after the holiday debacle that the airline was a goner. “Stick a fork in them, folks. They’re done,” he said at the time.

Now, says Mr. Trippler, he would have no qualms about booking US Airways for travel on, say, Memorial Day weekend.

“They just won’t give up. The resilience of US Airways is nothing short of amazing,” Mr. Trippler said. “Management is optimistic, and it doesn’t seem to be foolish optimism. No one is more excited than me to say, ‘Let’s take that obituary and put it away in the drawer for now.’”

Although its accomplishments have been significant, the airline still faces a huge hurdle: finding an investor to provide $250 million or so in new finances.

Any investor who does so will be taking a sizable risk: The outfit that bankrolled US Airways’ last emergence from bankruptcy, the Retirement Systems of Alabama, could well lose its entire $240 million investment, depending on the final terms of the airline’s plan of reorganization.

The industry as a whole remains shaky. In US Airways’ case, the airline has acknowledged in court papers that its new cost structure does not guarantee success but gives it “a fighting chance for survival.”

The airline has projected that it will not turn a substantial profit until at least 2008. Then, when it does turn a profit, some of that money will go to the employees themselves. That is because, as an inducement to get unions to accept the steep pay cuts, the airline promised that employees would receive 10 percent of all profits on a profit margin of up to 5 percent, and 25 percent of all profits on a margin greater than 5 percent.

Thomas Boland, an airline restructuring specialist and managing director of Seneca Financial Group in Greenwich, Conn., said one of the biggest obstacles to attracting a new investor could be the federal government.

The government’s Air Transportation Stabilization Board provided a federally guaranteed $900 million loan to US Airways that allowed it to emerge from its first trip into bankruptcy. The airline still owes more than two-thirds of that original loan.

“I just don’t see the [ATSB] being flexible to the needs of new money,” Mr. Boland said.

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