- The Washington Times - Friday, March 9, 2007

BAGHDAD — The shadowy leader of the Islamic State of Iraq, an al Qaeda-inspired group that challenged the authority of Iraq’s government, was captured yesterday in a raid on the western outskirts of Baghdad, an Iraqi military spokesman said.

Abu Omar al-Baghdadi was arrested along with several other insurgents in a raid in the town of Abu Ghraib, said Brig. Gen. Qassim al-Moussawi, spokesman for the Baghdad security operation. U.S. officials had no confirmation of the capture and said they were looking into the report.

A senior adviser to Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki also said al-Baghdadi had been taken into custody.

Gen. al-Moussawi said al-Baghdadi acknowledged his identity, as did another “of the terrorists” who confirmed “that the one in our hands is al-Baghdadi.”

The arrest comes at a time when the Baghdad security operation is showing early signs of progress in curbing violence. Car bombings have decreased in frequency, despite last Monday’s devastating blast that killed 38 and this week’s rash of assaults against Shi’ite pilgrims that claimed more than 340 lives nationwide.

Mr. al-Maliki yesterday ventured into the streets and chatted with Iraqis at police checkpoints to showcase security ahead of an international conference aimed at stabilizing the country with help from its neighbors.

Washington is sending David Satterfield a veteran Middle East hand to the talks. He promises that “we are not going to turn and walk away” if approached by Iran or Syria to discuss Iraq.

Tehran’s envoy, Abbas Araghchi, is a British-educated diplomat considered one of Iran’s leading Western analysts. Before leaving Iran for the meeting he said he “hopes to take more steps” to support the U.S.-backed government — which is led by a Shi’ite prime minister with close ties to Shi’ite heavyweight Iran.

With a flexible agenda — and a matchmaking Iraqi host — the international gathering today to help steer Iraq’s future also appears as a prime opportunity for some icebreaking overtures between Iran and the United States.

U.S. forces, meanwhile, killed a suspected militant and captured 16 others in raids across Iraq, the military said. Among those detained were a man accused of working in al Qaeda’s press wing and another thought to be responsible for kidnappings, beheadings and suicide attacks.

The arrest of al-Baghdadi would be a major victory for U.S. and Iraqi forces in their fight against Sunni insurgents, especially the hard-core religious extremists who have shown no interest in negotiating an end to their struggle.

But some analysts have pointed out that the al Qaeda-linked extremists rebounded following the death last June of Abu Musab Zarqawi, the charismatic al Qaeda in Iraq leader who died in a U.S. air strike in Diyala province.

The self-styled Islamic State of Iraq was proclaimed in October, when a militant network that includes al Qaeda in Iraq announced in a video that it had established an Islamic state in six provinces including Baghdad that have large Sunni populations, along with parts of two other central provinces that are predominantly Shi’ite.

Unlike Zarqawi, virtually nothing is known of al-Baghdadi, including his real name. It is widely assumed that the name al-Baghdadi was taken as part of a campaign to make al Qaeda appear more of a homegrown Iraqi movement rather than an organization dominated by foreigners.

In a tape released last November, Zarqawi’s successor, Abu Hamza al-Muhajir, called on Sunni Muslims to pledge their allegiance to this new state and said al-Baghdadi was “the ruler of believers” with al Qaeda in Iraq fighters under his command.

Since then, the trappings of an Islamic shadow state with al Qaeda as its base has been taking shape in some towns and cities of Anbar province where a government presence hardly exists, according to Sunni residents.

Residents of Sunni insurgent areas north and west of the capital have reported seeing handbills posted on walls in the group’s name warning against un-Islamic behavior such as drinking alcohol.

Some residents of Anbar say Islamic State members have on occasion publicly flogged men for other offenses such as wearing long hair or harassing women and provided cooking fuel to residents in areas where the Iraqi government has little presence.

In its numerous Web postings, the Islamic State refers to punishment meted out by Islamic courts.

Last weekend, the Islamic State posted an online video of the execution-style shooting of 18 Iraqi security troops kneeling on the ground near a citrus grove. The three-minute video claimed the 18 kidnapped government security forces were slain in retaliation for the purported rape of a Sunni woman by members of the Shi’ite-dominated police in Baghdad.

The reported arrest followed rumors this week that al-Baghdadi’s brother had been arrested in a raid near Tikrit.

Yesterday, the Islamic State of Iraq announced it would soon release a video on the death of a U.S. Air Force pilot whose F-16 jet crashed Nov. 27 north of Baghdad, according to IntelCenter, which monitors insurgent Web sites.

The pilot, Maj. Troy L. Gilbert, was listed officially as “whereabouts unknown” but then reported by the U.S. military as dead after DNA testing was done on remains from the scene. IntelCenter said it was not clear what the video would show.

The Islamic State has also taken responsibility for downing several of the U.S. helicopters lost since Jan. 20, including one in Diyala province that killed 12 soldiers and a Sea Knight transport helicopter north of Fallujah that killed seven.

On Wednesday, the group claimed in a Web posting that its members stormed a northern Iraqi prison the previous day and freed 150 inmates there. The statement said the raid was personally ordered by al-Baghdadi.

Iraqi police had said gunmen stormed the Badoosh prison, 15 miles northwest of the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, and freed about 140 inmates, going cell to cell, then fled themselves.

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