KABUL, Afghanistan | U.S. Marines swooped down behind Taliban lines in helicopters and Osprey aircraft Friday in the first offensive since President Obama announced an American troop surge.
About 1,000 Marines and 150 Afghan troops were taking part in “Operation Cobra’s Anger” in a bid to disrupt Taliban supply and communications lines in the Now Zad Valley of Helmand province in southern Afghanistan, the scene of heavy fighting last summer, according to Marine spokesman Maj. William Pelletier.
Hundreds of troops from the 3rd Battalion, 4th Marines and the Marine reconnaissance unit Task Force Raider dropped by helicopters and MV-22 Osprey aircraft in the northern end of the valley while a second, larger Marine force pushed northward from the main Marine base in the town of Now Zad, Maj. Pelletier said.
A U.S. military official in Washington said it was the first use of Ospreys, aircraft that combine features of helicopters and fixed wing aircraft, in an offensive involving units larger than platoons.
The official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to detail the operation, said that Ospreys have previously been used for intelligence and patrol operations.
Combat engineers used armored steamrollers and explosives to force a corridor through Taliban minefields, known as “IED Alley” because of the huge number of roadside bombs, known as improvised explosive devices, and land mines, Maj. Pelletier said.
There was no report of U.S. or Afghan government casualties. The spokesman for the Afghan governor of Helmand province, Daood Ahmadi, said at least four Taliban fighters had been killed and their bodies recovered.
He said at least 300 mines and roadside bombs had been located in the first day of the operation.
Maj. Pelletier said insurgents were caught off guard by the early morning air assault.
“Right now, the enemy is confused and disorganized,” Maj. Pelletier said by telephone from Camp Leatherneck, the main U.S. Marine base in Helmand. “They’re fighting, but not too effectively.”
The offensive began three days after Mr. Obama announced he was sending 30,000 reinforcements to Afghanistan to help turn the tide against the Taliban and train Afghan security forces to take responsibility for defending against the militants.
America’s European allies will send an estimated 7,000 more troops to Afghanistan next year “with more to come,” NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen announced Friday.
In Brussels, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton told allied foreign ministers that it was essential that contributions to the war effort be provided as quickly as possible.
“The need for additional forces is urgent, but their presence will not be indefinite,” she told the North Atlantic Council, NATO’s highest political group.
Friday’s fighting was occurring in one of the most challenging areas of the country for the U.S.-led NATO force, which has been trying for years to break the Taliban grip there.
British troops who were once stationed there left graffiti dubbing the town “Apocalypse Now-Zad,” a play on the title of the 1979 Vietnam War movie “Apocalypse Now.” The British base was nearly overrun on several occasions, with insurgents coming within yards of the protection wall. The area was handed over in 2008 to the Marines, who have struggled to reclaim much of the valley.