- The Washington Times - Thursday, January 22, 2009



During the week of Barack Obama’s Inaugural, with a tough economic downturn and the ongoing threat from global terrorism, perhaps it is useful to recall Ronald Reagan’s first Inaugural address, delivered Jan. 20, 1981.

Reagan faced a terrible economy, too, and the growing Soviet threat loomed large. Spirits at home were low then, just as they are today. Problems seemed insurmountable then, just as many believe they are today.

Early in his speech, Reagan set it all out. “These United States are confronted with an economic affliction of great proportions.” He then defined the central problem. “We suffer from the longest and one of the worst sustained inflations in our national history. It distorts our economic decisions, penalizes thrift, and crushes the struggling young and the fixed-income elderly alike. It threatens to shatter the lives of millions of our people.”

Media commentators regularly compare the current downturn with the Great Depression, which seems like a big stretch. And there’s a good chance Reagan was dealt a much tougher hand than the one Mr. Obama is holding today.

For one thing inflation today is zero. Back in Reagan’s time it was double-digits. Interest rates today are historically low. In Reagan’s day they were 15 percent to 20 percent. We have suffered a tremendous oil shock, as did Reagan. But today’s shock has completely reversed. And while today’s recession is more than a year old, Reagan inherited a recession that began in 1979 and didn’t end until late 1982.

Obviously, we now have the housing problem and bank credit crunch. But some of that was present in Reagan’s challenge, too. And a recent Minneapolis Fed study shows several measures of output and employment haven’t come close to the severe levels reached during many post-World War II recessions, much less the Great Depression.

Rising to these challenges, Reagan gave his Federal Reserve chairman, Paul Volcker, the political ground to stand on to slay inflation with tough monetary restraint and a strong dollar. It was a signature achievement, and it opened the door to more than 25 years of unbelievable prosperity and wealth creation. Reagan also fingered excessive taxes as a chief recessionary factor. His second great achievement was dropping the top marginal tax rate on individuals from 70 percent to 28 percent.

It’s interesting how Mr. Obama has also cast himself as a tax-cutter, even though he’s not slashing marginal tax rates. He instead opts for tax credits. But there’s a similarity here to Reagan. So far Mr. Obama seems to be leaning against repealing the Bush reductions in marginal tax rates on investment (even though House Speaker Nancy Pelosi wants immediate repeal).

One Inaugural line of Reagan’s that in some sense encapsulated his philosophy was, “In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problems; government is the problem.” It arguably is the most famous line of the speech. Fifteen years later, in a State of the Union message, President Bill Clinton said “the era of big government is over.” Yet Barack Obama has indicated over time a strong predilection for a government-driven approach to our current economic problems.

Reagan, of course, was the quintessential optimist, and his Inaugural speech was chock-full of optimism. “It is time to reawaken this industrial giant. … And as we renew ourselves here in our own land, we will be seen as having greater strength throughout the world. We will again be the exemplar of freedom and a beacon of hope for those who do not now have freedom.”

He also said, “We are not, as some would have us believe, doomed to an inevitable decline. So, with all the creative energy at our command, let us begin an era of national renewal. Let us renew our determination, our courage, and our strength. And let us renew our faith and our hope.”

One can only hope that Mr. Obama will bear these thoughts in mind as he moves forward and can strike such a bullish and optimistic tone about America’s economic future that has too often been missing.

Finally, regarding our enemies, Reagan spoke of “the will and moral courage of free men and women.” He said, “Let that be understood by those who practice terrorism and prey upon their neighbors.” Reagan mentioned George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln. He praised all those who gave their lives in defense of America’s freedom and national security. He said, “We are a nation under God, and I believe God intended for us to be free.”

Lawrence Kudlow is host of CNBC’s “Kudlow & Company” and is a nationally syndicated columnist.

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