- The Washington Times - Monday, June 22, 2009

ATHENS | Greek President Karolos Papoulias on Saturday ramped up pressure on Britain to return priceless statues from antiquity taken over 200 years ago as the new Acropolis Museum was opened in Athens.

The Greek leader reiterated his country’s long-standing call for the return of the Elgin Marbles at the solemn ceremony to inaugurate the giant $180 million glass and concrete building.

“Today the whole world can see the most important sculptures of the Parthenon assembled, but some are missing; it’s time to heal the wounds of the monument with the return of the marbles which belong to it,” Mr. Papoulias said.

The government says the museum, which dominates downtown Athens under the Parthenon temple, is the physical embodiment of a campaign dating to 1983.

“It’s our identity and our pride,” Mr. Papoulias said of the new museum.

The museum, which had its origins in British jibes that Greece would have nowhere to display what are known in London as the Elgin Marbles if ever they were returned, was designed to host the reunited artworks.

Greek Culture Minister Antonis Samaras said late Friday during a special advance opening for the media that the new museum space “now demolishes that excuse.”

About half of the Parthenon Marbles — fifth-century B.C. Greek sculptures, inscriptions and architectural columns from the Parthenon and other buildings on the symbolic Acropolis hill — are intact in the museum.

Of the remainder, most are held in London’s British Museum after they were hacked away in the early 1800s on the orders of a British aristocrat and diplomat, Lord Elgin, under a deal with the ruling Ottoman Empire.

Replicas have been erected in the new galleries.

Heads of state and government and cultural emissaries from 30 countries, including United Nations heritage chief Koichiro Matsuura and European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso, attended the gala opening, albeit five years late — it was originally due to open around the Athens Olympic Games.

The event was staged by Dimitris Papaioannou, the creator of the Athens Olympics opening ceremony, as a celebration of Greek antiquity. It was broadcast on public television.

The government also invited British Museum officials despite their refusal to return the marbles. Greece in turn rejected an offer to “loan” them back, which Athens said would confer ownership rights it denies.

Stepping up Greece’s campaign, Mr. Samaras appealed to “everyone around the world who believes in the values and ideas that emerged on the slopes of the Acropolis to join our quest to bring the missing Parthenon Marbles home.”

Speaking in English, he said their “abduction” and “enforced exile” was “not only an injustice to us Greeks but to everyone in the world, the English included, because they were made to be seen in sequence and in total.”

That was “something that cannot happen as long as half of them are held hostage in the British Museum,” he said.

An international campaigning group said Friday that the 2012 London Olympics would represent the perfect moment to send the relics home, given the origins of the games in ancient Greece.

The objects were purchased by the British Parliament from Lord Elgin in 1816 and then presented to the British Museum.

According to the British Museum, the London collection includes 247 feet of the original 524 feet of sculptured frieze; 15 of 92 metopes (panels); 17 figures from the pediments; plus other architectural furniture.

The three-level Athens building, designed by celebrated Franco-Swiss architect Bernard Tschumi, offers panoramic views of the stone citadel and showcases sculptures from the golden age of Athenian democracy.

Set out over a total area of 150,000 square feet, it harnesses natural light to show off more than 350 artifacts and sculptures that were previously held in a small museum atop the Acropolis.

The museum opened to the public on Sunday, and officials said full-house signs had already gone up through Tuesday after Internet reservations, with 11,000 advance tickets sold in total.

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