A small faction of rebel House Republicans is scraping the back bench of the conference, and even looking outside the Capitol, in search of an alternative to Kevin McCarthy for speaker.
So far, they are not having much luck finding a substitute candidate who wants to run for the top spot, never mind someone who can win.
They have floated the names of several low-key Republicans, including Rep. Mike Johnson of Louisiana, former Rep. Jim Bridenstine of Oklahoma and outgoing Rep. Fred Upton of Michigan.
None of them appears to be interested in the job.
Mr. Bridenstine told The Washington Times that he has no intention of showing up in the House chamber on Jan. 3 to compete for the gavel.
“I’m not a candidate,” said Mr. Bridenstine, who left Congress in 2018 for a two-year stint as NASA administrator.
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The opposition to Mr. McCarthy’s ascent to speaker is driven by a group of five Republican lawmakers. Despite the absence of a viable alternative, they are determined to use their leverage in a bare Republican majority to make it difficult, if not impossible, for Mr. McCarthy to win the 218 votes needed to secure the speaker’s gavel on the opening day of the 118th Congress.
Republicans are poised to govern with a five-seat majority, which means just a handful of rank-and-file lawmakers could thwart Mr. McCarthy’s election.
Rep. Andy Biggs, Arizona Republican, is leading the effort to depose Mr. McCarthy, 57, who has headed the Republican conference since 2019 and before that served five years as majority leader.
Mr. Biggs, a member of the conservative Freedom Caucus, told The Times that Republicans need “a change agent.” He is throwing his name into the mix as a candidate for speaker when Congress convenes on Jan. 3 despite losing overwhelmingly to Mr. McCarthy in a closed-door vote last month.
“Kevin doesn’t have the votes,” Mr. Biggs said in an interview. “I know he doesn’t have the votes. I know he knows he doesn’t have the votes. The reality is the pressure is on Kevin. It’s not on me.”
On Tuesday, Mr. McCarthy was not sweating about winning the 218.
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“We’ll get to it,” he told The Times as he walked through a Capitol hallway.
Behind the scenes, Mr. McCarthy is playing hardball with the gang of five and making moves to weaken their opposition.
In addition to Mr. Biggs, the list of anti-McCarthy rebels are Reps. Matt Gaetz of Florida, Matthew M. Rosendale of Montana, Ralph Norman of South Carolina and Bob Good of Virginia.
The group could face the wrath of the powerful Republican steering committee, an arm of Mr. McCarthy’s leadership team, which is poised to delay votes on committee assignments for the next Congress.
If Republicans wait until January to fill coveted committee slots, they could punish McCarthy opponents.
In 2016, Rep. Paul D. Ryan, Wisconsin Republican, postponed assignments of coveted committee positions until after the speaker’s vote.
Unfazed by the threat, Mr. Gaetz said he and other McCarthy opponents are searching for a substitute candidate, from either inside or outside the House, who can appeal to everybody.
Mr. Gaetz backs Rep. Jim Jordan of Ohio, a founder of the Freedom Caucus, as an alternative, but Mr. Jordan, poised to become Judiciary Committee chairman, is allied with Mr. McCarthy and would have difficulty securing enough votes.
“Just like the establishment folks can’t force Kevin McCarthy down my throat, I can’t force a Freedom Caucus member down theirs,” Mr. Gaetz said. “So there has to be consensus.”
Mr. McCarthy is counting on the five lawmakers to succumb to pressure and perhaps vote “present” instead of voting for another Republican. Under that scenario, their votes would not count against Mr. McCarthy.
Voting present, a source close to some of the McCarthy opponents said, “is definitely an option.”
Mr. Gaetz and others have vowed to vote for an alternative, raising the prospect that Mr. McCarthy would be the first party leader in modern history to lose the vote for speaker.
Mr. Biggs may be throwing his hat into the ring, but it’s unlikely he would win more than a handful of votes, which are cast by voice and in public on the House floor. Mr. Biggs won 31 votes via secret ballot in the closed-door conference election, and 188 Republicans voted for Mr. McCarthy.
The most plausible Republican substitute if McCarthy can’t get the votes is Rep. Steve Scalise of Louisiana, the minority whip who is poised to become majority leader next year.
Mr. Scalise, 57, has served in top House leadership as long as Mr. McCarthy and has close ties to many in the conference, particularly the Freedom Caucus. Mr. Scalise is backing Mr. McCarthy and says he has no plans to challenge him.
Democrats, who narrowly lost the House majority in the Nov. 8 elections, are gleefully watching the Republican infighting while scheming for their own preferred McCarthy alternative.
They have pitched Mr. Upton, 69, a moderate Republican who voted to impeach President Trump after the Jan. 6, 2021, riot at the U.S. Capitol.
House rules don’t require the speaker to be a sitting member, so Mr. Upton’s retirement at the end of the year is no barrier to a return in January. He could win if moderate Republicans pair with Democrats to provide the 218 votes, although he has denied having any interest in the job.
Mr. Trump weighed in on the buzz by calling Mr. Upton “a pro-impeachment RINO” and “a disaster for anything having to do with the word Republican, but especially when it comes to Speaker of the House.”
Mr. Trump, who backs Mr. McCarthy, said, “A very dangerous game is being played” ahead of the speaker’s election.
House historians have recorded 14 instances, many of them in the years after the Civil War, in which the speaker election required multiple ballots. The last occurrence was at the start of the 68th Congress in 1923, when Frederick Huntington Gillett, a Massachusetts Republican, was elected on the ninth ballot.
With no winning alternative to Mr. McCarthy, who is backed by the vast majority of the party conference, Republicans are scratching their heads at Mr. Biggs and his fellow defectors.
“If you can’t get to 218, and you can’t get 10 votes for these other candidates, then who should we have as speaker?” said Rep. Darrell Issa, a California Republican who has voted in 10 elections for speaker. “You know, Nancy Pelosi is rested and ready.”