"Due to the very nature of the traveling circus, wild animals cannot move around or exercise naturally. They live their whole lives chained or tied up, or in small cages that fit on the back of a truck," said Animal Defenders International (ADI) President Jan Creamer. "This lack of freedom leads to health, behavioral and psychological problems. Our investigations have shown that violence to control animals is part of circus culture. Animals are beaten, whipped and electric shocked to make them perform tricks. This brutality has no place in modern society."