Republican and Democratic senators alike are calling on the Pentagon to explain why it has failed to provide Congress with an annual report on China's military power that was needed for debate on the defense bills.
Five Republicans on Friday wrote to Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates expressing “serious concern” with the failure of the Pentagon to submit the report, formally known as “The Military Power of the People's Republic of China” and required by March 1 under a 2000 law.
Separately, Sen. Joseph Lieberman, Connecticut independent, won support of SenateArmed Services Committee Democrats in inserting language noting the panel’s anger over the missing report in the fiscal 2011 defense-spending authorization bill.
The bill report states that “the committee notes its displeasure that the Department of Defense has failed to submit the annual report … as required by law.”
“The timely submission of this report is required by law, and the committee expects it to be presented to Congress as required,” the report stated.
The five Republicans stated: “The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has undertaken a military modernization program, supported by a military budget that has experienced double-digit-percentage annual increases for more than two decades.”
The report is needed “in order to inform Congress on the true nature and extent of China’s rapidly growing military capabilities and military strategies, as Congress prepares to consider the annual defense authorization bill, defense appropriations bill, and related legislation,” they said.
The Pentagon so far has refused requests to explain to either Senate and House staff, or to news reporters, why it has delayed the report, which was drafted before March and held up from release by White House National Security Council officials.
“The report remains in coordination and will be submitted once it is approved,” said Lt. Col. Mark Ballesteros, a Pentagon spokesman.
Senate aides said the Pentagon’s point man on the report, Michael Schiffer, deputy assistant defense secretary for East Asia, informed the committee six weeks ago that the report would be released soon.
Defense officials said the report was held up months ago by officials who were acting on little-noticed congressional language inserted in last year’s defense authorization bill that called on the Pentagon to highlight U.S.-China military cooperation in the annual assessment.
Such cooperation has been limited since China's military suspended all contacts with the Pentagon earlier this year to protest U.S. arms sales to Taiwan; specifically, a $6.4 billion arms package to the island.
Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told U.S. troops in South Korea on Tuesday that he has changed his views on China's military buildup. “I have moved from being curious about what they’re doing to being concerned about what they’re doing,” he said, noting “fairly significant investment in high-end equipment: satellites, ships, missiles, anti-ship missiles, obviously, high-end aircraft.”