- The Washington Times - Thursday, November 11, 2010

Republicans on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, who will wield the gavel because of their victory in last week’s elections, will seek to hold the Obama administration’s feet to the fire on the implementation of sanctions against Iran, undercutting the president’s diplomatic efforts to stifle Tehran’s nuclear ambitions.

An aide to Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen of Florida, the Republican in line to chair the committee, said she would not comment ahead of the announcement about committee chairmanships expected later this month from the Republican leadership. “She wants to respect the process,” the aide said.

Yet congressional staff, think-tank scholars and lobbyists who deal with the committee told The Washington Times that they expect Mrs. Ros-Lehtinen to take what one Republican House staffer called a “very forceful approach” to oversight and legislation — especially on a handful of issues related to Iran, North Korea, Cuba, Venezuela, Russia and China.

The staffer, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the Iran issue, and especially the implementation of new sanctions legislation, likely would be near the top of the committee’s agenda. Republicans had “hoped for hearings this fall,” the staffer said. “There is a long list of questions about how [the new sanctions] are being enforced.”

“That witness chair is going to be a very hot seat,” predicted one Democratic government official, who asked for anonymity.

**FILE** In this photo from Nov. 30, 2009, released by the semi-official Iranian Students News Agency, the reactor building of Iran's Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant is seen just outside the port city of Bushehr, 750 miles south of the capital Tehran, Iran. (Associated Press)
**FILE** In this photo from Nov. 30, 2009, released by the semi-official ... more >

Earlier this year, Congress passed the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability and Divestment Act with overwhelming bipartisan support, expanding existing sanctions against Tehran to include gasoline sales and energy-sector technology.

“We can expect a very relentless and determined focus on holding the administration’s feet to the fire” on the implementation of the new law, said Mark Dubowitz, executive director of the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies, an advocacy group.

“There will be hearings” held by the Foreign Affairs Committee, and probably other committees, such as Government Oversight and Armed Services, too, Mr. Dubowitz predicted.

The Republican House staffer said Republicans would be “willing to call out the administration when we don’t feel the intent of the [Iran sanctions] legislation is being honored.”

A key issue, Mr. Dubowitz and the staffer said, would be how the administration uses its waiver power. The president can decide not to go after companies that breach the law if he decides that is in the national interest.

Under the chairmanship of Rep. Howard L. Berman, California Democrat, the House Foreign Affairs Committee had shown a “willingness to defer [to the administration] and a desire not to step on the feet” of a new Democratic president, said the Republican House staffer. As a result, the committee was not as “active … as many Republicans and some Democrats wanted.”

Mr. Berman “was a senior, very thoughtful, deliberative” lawmaker,” said Richard N. Sawaya of USA-Engage, a business lobby that advocates against unilateral U.S. sanctions. He called Mrs. Ros-Lehtinen “a person of settled opinions” and “very tough-minded.”

Others agreed that the committee’s stance likely would be more aggressive, especially on issues such as Iran and the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, on which there was a degree of Democratic support for a more hawkish stand.

“Berman was a good chairman on balance, but he shied away from publicly challenging the Obama administration” on issues such as the negotiations, said Jason Epstein, an independent foreign-affairs consultant.

In contrast, Mrs. Ros-Lehtinen “will continue to make those kinds of disagreements with the White House known to all,” said Mr. Epstein, a registered Republican.

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