The D.C. fire chief is girding for a public battle with the firefighters union over a plan to switch from the 24-hour shifts firefighters have been working for more than two decades to 12-hour shifts - a plan the chief expects will reduce by about 26 percent the number of firefighters in the District.
Fire officials say the change is a way to save money and keep an alert force that lives within, or much closer, to the District. But the union says the new model will devastate the workforce and is an attempt to drive out firefighters who do not live in the city.
Fire and Emergency Medical Services Chief Kenneth Ellerbe says the plan, if approved through collective bargaining, should save the department over a multiyear implementation period up to $36 million through attrition of about 475 sworn firefighters from a total of about 1,800 firefighters in the city. The savings would also include the reduction in equipment costs for those firefighters and the elimination of overtime payments that have drastically overrun budgeted amounts in the past.
Currently, firefighters work under what is referred to as a “24-72” model, meaning they are on the job for one full day - or the equivalent of three consecutive eight-hour shifts - then they are off for three days. Under the new schedule, called a “3-3-3,” firefighters are expected to work three 12-hour shifts during the day, three 12-hour shifts at night and then get three days off.
Chief Ellerbe, who said the proposal will also provide increased time for training, said he anticipates an intense lobbying effort by the D.C. firefighters union to thwart the proposal.
Ed Smith, president of the D.C. firefighters’ union, says the plan amounts to “a major disruption in many ways.”
Mr. Smith said doubling the number of work shifts will lead to less efficiency, as firefighters come and go and try to coordinate with ambulance crews.
It wasn’t immediately clear from Chief Ellerbe’s presentation how the attrition figures would affect the District’s historically troubled ambulance service, which relies in many cases on paramedics who are also cross-trained as firefighters.
Chief Ellerbe said that paramedics currently work 12-hour shifts.
“EMS will suffer,” Mr. Smith said. “Paramedics are already leaving at just the threat of shift change and will continue to leave.”
The fire chief said only 25 percent of firefighters live in the District. More than 40 percent live 30 to 100 miles outside the city - and some as far as South Carolina or New Jersey - because the current system allows them to report for a total of eight days per month.
Under the current system, only 25 percent of the workforce has to show up on any given day, Chief Ellerbe said.
The new model would require firefighters, who Mr. Smith says have not seen a pay raise since 2006, to work longer hours - an average 48-hour week - with no pay increase.
“We’re just getting trampled on,” Mr. Smith said.