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“You might try voting the way you campaign,” he said.

The vote came on the same day that the Senate Finance Committee killed a separate bill that would repeal state funding for low-income women to have abortions if a doctor determines that the child would be born with a physical deformity or mental deficiency.

The votes follow the defeat of a “personhood” measure that would define life as beginning at conception and the tempering of the ultrasound bill last week.

Both proposals quickly drew national attention and late-night mockery. The ultrasound proposal was lampooned on Comedy Central’s “The Daily Show,” while NBC’s “Saturday Night Live” poked fun at both measures.

Mr. McDonnell, frequently mentioned as a possible GOP vice-presidential selection, has been forced to navigate a political minefield on hot-button social issues during the General Assembly session and rejected the notion that the issues have tarnished either the state’s image or his own in recent weeks.

“I’ve introduced nearly 200 bills, at my request,” he said. “And all of them have been about kitchen-table issues. I think it’s a gross misrepresentation for anyone in the press or the Democratic Party to say there was a focus on social issues. The Democrats might be focusing on it. I’m not.”