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Emad Altohamy, Sudan’s top diplomat in Washington, said there was plenty of evidence, including parts of the missiles that hit the site, to prove that Israel bombed the arms factory.

“We consider this as a terrorist act,” Mr. Altohamy said.

Israel should be held accountable for violation of sovereignty and for provoking international law,” he added. “This is not the first time Israel committed such an aggression, but the third time.”

Israel has struck before

The former U.S. official said Israel has bombed targets inside Sudan at least six times in the past two years. It has struck Sudanese ships, as well as smuggling routes in the vast desert in Sudan’s north.

“They have done it without a lot of public outcry, without any accounting,” he said. “Israel has really done this very much under the radar.”

Mr. Altohamy insisted that Sudan’s relationship with Iran is “very natural” and not directed against any other nation.

Rep. Frank R. Wolf, Virginia Republican, is skeptical.

“Most of the terrorist activity that we are now faced with in the world really came out of Sudan,” said Mr. Wolf, a longtime critic of Sudan’s president, Lt. Gen. Omar Bashir.

“I would never trust Bashir,” he said.

Gen. Bashir has been indicted by the International Criminal Court on charges of war crimes in the western province of Darfur.

Sudan’s relationship with Iran goes back more than two decades to a coup in 1989 that brought Gen. Bashir to power. Iran’s Revolutionary Guard supplied weapons to Gen. Bashir.

Iran has been one of Sudan’s few “stalwart friends,” said Jon Temin, director of the Sudan and South Sudan program at the United States Institute of Peace.

Andrew Natsios, a former U.S. special envoy to Sudan, said, “Iran’s closest ally is not Syria or Russia, but Sudan.”

Predominantly Sunni Muslim Sudan and Shiite Muslim Iran make for strange bedfellows.

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