Ambassador Stevens warned of Islamic extremism before Benghazi consulate attack

  • Libyans celebrate the raiding of the Ansar al-Shariah Brigades compound after hundreds of Libyans, Libyan military forces and police raided the brigades base in Benghazi, Libya, on Friday, Sept. 21, 2012. Small teams of U.S. special operations forces arrived at American embassies throughout North Africa to set up a new counterterrorist network months before militants killed the U.S. ambassador in Libya on Sept 11, but officials say the network was too new to stop the Benghazi attack. (AP Photo/Mohammad Hannon, File )Libyans celebrate the raiding of the Ansar al-Shariah Brigades compound after hundreds of Libyans, Libyan military forces and police raided the brigades base in Benghazi, Libya, on Friday, Sept. 21, 2012. Small teams of U.S. special operations forces arrived at American embassies throughout North Africa to set up a new counterterrorist network months before militants killed the U.S. ambassador in Libya on Sept 11, but officials say the network was too new to stop the Benghazi attack. (AP Photo/Mohammad Hannon, File )
  • Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney and President Obama wave to the audience during the first presidential debate at the University of Denver in Denver on Wednesday, Oct. 3, 2012. The next debate, town-hall style, will bring Mr. Obama and Mr. Romney to Hofstra University on New York's Long Island on Tuesday, Oct. 16, 2012. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney and President Obama wave to the audience during the first presidential debate at the University of Denver in Denver on Wednesday, Oct. 3, 2012. The next debate, town-hall style, will bring Mr. Obama and Mr. Romney to Hofstra University on New York's Long Island on Tuesday, Oct. 16, 2012. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)
  • Libyan followers of the Ansar al-Shariah Brigades burn the U.S. flag during a protest in front of the Tibesti Hotel in Benghazi, Libya, on Friday, Sept. 14, 2012. Small teams of U.S. special operations forces arrived at American embassies throughout North Africa to set up a new counterterrorist network months before militants killed the U.S. ambassador in Libya at the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi on Sept. 11, but officials say the network was too new to stop that attack. (AP Photo/Mohammad Hannon)Libyan followers of the Ansar al-Shariah Brigades burn the U.S. flag during a protest in front of the Tibesti Hotel in Benghazi, Libya, on Friday, Sept. 14, 2012. Small teams of U.S. special operations forces arrived at American embassies throughout North Africa to set up a new counterterrorist network months before militants killed the U.S. ambassador in Libya at the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi on Sept. 11, but officials say the network was too new to stop that attack. (AP Photo/Mohammad Hannon)
  • J. Christopher Stevens, the U.S. ambassador to Libya who was killed in an attack on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, on Tuesday, Sept. 11, 2011, is pictured in Benghazi on Wednesday, April 11, 2011. Leaders of a House committee have said U.S. diplomats in Libya made repeated requests for increased security for the consulate in Benghazi and were turned down by officials in Washington. In a letter to Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, Rep. Darrell Issa and Rep. Jason Chaffetz said their information came from "individuals with direct knowledge of events in Libya." (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)J. Christopher Stevens, the U.S. ambassador to Libya who was killed in an attack on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, on Tuesday, Sept. 11, 2011, is pictured in Benghazi on Wednesday, April 11, 2011. Leaders of a House committee have said U.S. diplomats in Libya made repeated requests for increased security for the consulate in Benghazi and were turned down by officials in Washington. In a letter to Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, Rep. Darrell Issa and Rep. Jason Chaffetz said their information came from "individuals with direct knowledge of events in Libya." (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
  • Tunisian protesters demonstrate outside the U.S. Embassy in Tunis, Tunisia, on Friday, Sept. 14, 2012. Leaked conversations in which alcohol bans and the imposition of religious law were mentioned have raised fears that Tunisia's new government may not be moderate at all, especially in the context of mob attacks on the U.S. Embassy that coincided with the American ambassador's killing in neighboring Libya. (AP Photo/Amine Landoulsi)Tunisian protesters demonstrate outside the U.S. Embassy in Tunis, Tunisia, on Friday, Sept. 14, 2012. Leaked conversations in which alcohol bans and the imposition of religious law were mentioned have raised fears that Tunisia's new government may not be moderate at all, especially in the context of mob attacks on the U.S. Embassy that coincided with the American ambassador's killing in neighboring Libya. (AP Photo/Amine Landoulsi)
  • **FILE** A Libyan man investigates the inside of the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, on Thursday, Sept. 13, 2012, after an attack that killed four Americans, including Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens, two days earlier. (AP Photo/Mohammad Hannon)**FILE** A Libyan man investigates the inside of the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, on Thursday, Sept. 13, 2012, after an attack that killed four Americans, including Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens, two days earlier. (AP Photo/Mohammad Hannon)

In a diplomatic cable in June, the U.S. ambassador to Libya cited the rise of “Islamic extremism” and displays of “the Al-Qaeda flag” over buildings outside the city of Benghazi, where he and three other Americans would be killed in a terrorist attack on Sept. 11.

The previously classified cable is among 166 documents made public Friday by Rep. Darrell E. Issa, chairman of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, who says they expose an egregious security shortage at U.S. diplomatic missions in Libya in the months before the attack.

Mr. Issa, California Republican, sent the documents Friday to the White House with a letter asking why “repeated warnings about a worsening security situation appear to have been ignored” in Libya.

Rep. Elijah E. Cummings of Maryland, the committee’s ranking Democrat, criticized the Issa letter as an “undeniably partisan” attempt to politicize the incident before Monday’s presidential debate on foreign policy between President Obama and Republican nominee Mitt Romney.

The documents include a June 25 cable in which Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens cited an uptick in attacks in Libya “targeting international organizations and foreign interests.” He noted an attack that month on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, where a homemade bomb ripped a hole in a security wall.

That little-reported attack took place just three months before the military-style assault that killed Stevens. In his cable, he said “an Islamic extremist group, ‘the Imprisoned Sheikh Omar Abdul-Rahman Brigade’” claimed responsibility for the bombing.

The so-called “Blind Sheikh,” Abdel-Rahman is serving a life sentence in the U.S. for plotting to blow up the U.N. headquarters, major bridges and tunnels in New York.

Stevens made no reference of any American attempt to investigate the June attack.

“Libyan security officials purport to have launched investigations,” he wrote, adding that a Libyan security official had “shared his private opinion that the attacks were the work of extremists who are opposed to Western influence in Libya.”

“A number of local contacts agreed, noting that Islamic extremism appears to be on the rise in eastern Libya and that the Al-Qaeda flag has been spotted several times flying over government buildings and training facilities” about 100 miles east of Benghazi, Stevens wrote.

He added, however, that other contacts said the June attack also could have been the work of loyalists to ousted Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi.

Other cables cited ongoing concerns about security.

On Aug. 8, Stevens asserted in a cable titled “The Guns of August; security in eastern Libya” that the “absence of significant deterrence” had “contributed to a security vacuum.”

On Sept. 11, just hours before he was killed, Stevens noted that a local Libyan commander in Benghazi had “expressed growing frustration with police and security forces (who were too weak to keep the country secure) …”

Other documents shed light on exchanges between State Department personnel over security.

One from February features an email in which foreign service officer Shawn P. Crowley wrote to Eric A. Nordstrom, then-chief security officer at the U.S. Embassy in Tripoli, and others about the “lack of security” at the consulate in Benghazi.

“Apologies for being a broken record, but beginning tomorrow, Benghazi will be down two agents,” Mr. Crowley wrote, noting that “we have no drivers and new local guard contract employees have no experience driving armored vehicles.”

The State Department declined to comment on the documents.

In an email to The Washington Times, State Department spokesman Mark Toner pointed to the department’s recent establishment of an Accountability Review Board to review last month’s attack.

“An independent board is conducting a thorough review of the assault on our post in Benghazi,” he said. “Once we have the board’s comprehensive account of what happened, findings and recommendations, we can fully address these matters.”

Sen. John F. Kerry, Massachusetts Democrat and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations committee, criticized Mr. Issa’s release of the State Department cables, saying it was “irresponsible and inexcusable.”

The Obama administration also has criticized the release of the documents, saying it damages security agreements with militias in Libya and investigations into the fatal attack.

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About the Author
Guy Taylor

Guy Taylor

Guy Taylor is the National Security Team Leader at The Washington Times, overseeing the paper’s State Department, Pentagon and intelligence community coverage. He’s also a frequent guest on The McLaughlin Group and C-SPAN.

His series on political, economic and security developments in Mexico won a 2012 Virginia Press Association award.

Prior to rejoining The Times in 2011, his work was ...

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