- The Washington Times - Saturday, December 25, 2004

LONDON — Worshippers brought hopes for more peace in the coming year as they flocked to Manger Square in Bethlehem and to St. Peter’s Square in the Vatican to hear Christmas messages urging an end to violence, particularly in the Middle East.

But from Indonesia to Iraq, fear overshadowed the festivities.

Few worshippers dared attend services in Baghdad yesterday, and tens of thousands of police stood on guard at packed churches in Jakarta.

Gang violence cast a pall over Christmas in the Honduran city of San Pedro Sula, where suspected gang members wielding assault rifles boarded a public bus and killed 28 persons two days earlier. In a message left on the bus windshield, the gunmen promised more violence, saying: “People should take advantage of this Christmas because the next one will be worse.”

Friday night, jittery last-minute Christmas shoppers scurried for cover in the city when fireworks went off and rumors spread that street gangs were preparing to fight.

Festivities were lighthearted in other parts of the world. Australians in bikinis and Santa suits took their parties and Christmas barbecues to the beach. In London, Madrid and Paris, the streets were nearly empty as families stayed home for their traditional Christmas dinners.

Queen Elizabeth II urged religious and cultural tolerance in multicultural Britain in her traditional Christmas message, broadcast on television and radio.

“Religion and culture are much in the news these days, usually as sources of difference and conflict, rather than for bringing people together,” she said, “but the irony is that every religion has something to say about tolerance and respecting others.”

At the Vatican, thousands — many cheering and waving flags — flocked to St. Peter’s Square to hear Pope John Paul II’s traditional “Urbi et Orbi” — Latin for “to the city and to the world” — message and holiday wishes in dozens of languages.

The pontiff, speaking haltingly, shared his fears about the violence in Iraq, Sudan and other hot spots and expressed hope that peace-building efforts would bring a brighter future.

“Babe of Bethlehem, prophet of peace, encourage attempts to promote dialogue and reconciliation,” John Paul said. “Sustain the efforts to build peace, which hesitantly, yet not without hope, are being made to bring about a more tranquil present and future for so many of our brothers and sisters of the world.”

Hundreds of worshippers marched through the streets of the Beit Sahur village in the West Bank, holding candles and singing.

In Bethlehem, the traditional birthplace of Jesus Christ, a new thaw in Israeli-Palestinian relations drew several thousand more pilgrims than last year as Israeli troops eased passage through checkpoints into the West Bank city.

Among those attending services was interim Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas — a change from previous years, when Israel prevented the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat from attending out of fear that he would advocate violence.

Latin Patriarch Michel Sabbah, the senior Roman Catholic official in the Holy Land, called on Israelis and Palestinians to put violence behind them.

“Our situation continues to be a situation of conflict, violence, insecurity, fear, military occupation, the wall of separation, of imprisoned cities and demolitions,” he said at St. Catherine’s Church adjacent Manger Square.

Mr. Abbas, a Muslim, said: “We ask God and wish that all the religions in this country will live in peace and security. I hope next year will be much better than the previous ones.”

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