- The Washington Times - Saturday, May 14, 2005

From combined dispatches

KABUL, Afghanistan — Afghan President Hamid Karzai yesterday blamed opponents of his plans for long-term ties with the United States for four days of protests that left 15 dead.

In his first public comment on the violence since returning from a trip to Europe, Mr. Karzai said the protesters also included opponents of his reconciliation efforts with the ousted Taliban.

He said opponents were trying to tarnish the country’s image as it moves toward September parliamentary elections, the next landmark in its democratic rebirth since the fall of the Taliban in 2001 after a U.S.-led invasion.

Mr. Karzai declined to give details about those believed to be behind the unrest, saying investigations were still continuing.

“Those people demonstrating are against the strategic partnership of Afghanistan with the international community, especially the United States,” Mr. Karzai told reporters at his office in the capital, Kabul. “They are against the strengthening of the peace process. … They want us to have a bad name in the international community.”

Protests erupted Tuesday after Newsweek magazine reported in its May 9 edition that interrogators at the U.S. Navy base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, placed copies of the Koran in washrooms to unsettle suspects and “flushed a holy book down the toilet.”

The worst violence occurred Friday, when protesters threw rocks and police shot back in four Afghan cities, threatening a security crisis for Mr. Karzai’s feeble central government. Offices of the government, the United Nations and a string of foreign relief organizations also have been attacked.

However, street protests have fizzled in neighboring Pakistan, and there were no reports of new demonstrations in Afghanistan yesterday.

The United States has called for calm in Afghanistan while it investigates the claims and insisted it would not tolerate any abuse of the Koran.

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said that if the accusations “are proven true, we will take appropriate action.”

Mr. Karzai yesterday said that “if proven that this happened, then we will strongly ask the American government to put on trial and punish whoever is the culprit.”

Pentagon officials said last week there was no evidence to corroborate reports that interrogators flushed a copy of the Koran down a toilet to intimidate Muslim prisoners. Gen. Richard B. Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said that in an unconfirmed incident, a prisoner flushed pages from a Koran down a toilet in an attempt to clog it.

Mr. Karzai plans to travel to Washington later this month to seek long-term military, economic and political links with the United States, Afghanistan’s biggest sponsor.

Mr. Karzai has called for all the Afghan prisoners in Guantanamo to be sent home under a peace process open to all but a few dozen leaders of the Taliban and other militant groups. U.S. commanders hope the process will allow them to cut their 17,000-strong force in Afghanistan.

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