In one of the least-Jewish states in the country, a traditional Jewish group working to revive religious observance has built a mikvah, a ritual bath for spiritual purification. The bath opened several months ago in an extension built onto the Bozeman home of Rabbi Chaim Bruk and his wife, Chavie, who came here with the Hasidic movement Chabad Lubavitch.
Chabad sends couples around the world, including to remote spots with tiny Jewish populations, to cook kosher dinners for travelers, teach rituals such as lighting Sabbath candles and lead classes on Judaism.
As a result of the Bruks’ work, the Big Sky state now has what Chabad says is the only contemporary mikvah in a vast area that includes Idaho, North Dakota and South Dakota. The Bruks expect to draw Jews from outside the state, including tourists.
It’s “a milestone for Jewish life in Montana,” Mr. Bruk said.
Jewish law requires married women to immerse in the mikvah for ritual purity after menstruation and a period of abstaining from sex. Brides are expected to immerse before their weddings. The bath can also be used as purification as part of converting to Judaism.
Outside of the small Orthodox Jewish community, many American Jews had stopped using the mikvah, partly out of objections to its perspective on women. However, in recent years, more Jews have been rediscovering traditional practices, and the ritual bath has had a renaissance.
The American Jewish Year Book, which tracks the Jewish population, says that as of 2007 an estimated 850 of Montana’s nearly 945,000 residents were Jewish.
However, Mr. Bruk said he thinks there are about 2,500 Jewish households in the state, plus hundreds of Jewish college students. That’s based on personal visits, Internet contacts, mailing lists and research including rabbinical students’ trips to far-flung parts of the state, he said.
For years, Bozeman has had a congregation affiliated with the liberal Reform Jewish movement, which met in various places around town until 2001, when it moved into a permanent home. Still, most Jews who move to Montana “are not looking to find a center of Jewish life,” Mr. Bruk said. He and his wife aim to provide that service.
They teach Torah classes, have established a kosher meal service and can tell you where to shop for kosher food and wine in the Bozeman area. Information is shared through the Web site www.JewishMontana.com, which includes Mrs. Bruk’s invitation for Jewish women to contact her about why, how and when the mikvah is used. The site also features pictures of her husband lighting a menorah at the state Capitol with Gov. Brian Schweitzer, a Roman Catholic.
The Bozeman suite includes a jetted bathtub and a shower, both of which a woman uses before entering the mikvah, which is tiled in shades of brown and could pass for an elegant bath in a multimillion-dollar home at Big Sky, the swank resort area between Bozeman and Yellowstone National Park. High-quality soap and shampoo, plush robes and thick towels are provided.
“You give women their own space where they can connect with God,” said Mr. Bruk, who grew up in the New York borough of Brooklyn, and came to Bozeman in early 2007 newly wedded to Chavie, who grew up in San Antonio. Fundraising for the mikvah, built at a cost of more than $250,000, began a year later.
Judaism allows the ritual to be practiced in “living” natural waters, such as some of Montana’s streams, but the rabbi said the cold winters here are one reason that is impractical.
“You want it to be warm and welcoming, and that comes with having an indoor mikvah,” Mr. Bruk said. But “you can’t just build a tub and fill it up and heat it and you’ve got yourself a mikvah.”
The bath is next to the Bruk home’s garage-turned-synagogue where, according to the rabbi, Sabbath services on Fridays draw about 30 people and, on religious holidays, about 100.
Justine Phelps, an Orthodox Jew, used to drive 400 miles from Montana to Utah for monthly immersion. Sometimes she flew. She and her husband moved last year to Montana from Irvine in Southern California because “we wanted to live in the ‘last best place.’ We were tired of the craziness of life in California and the expense in California.”
Before choosing Bozeman as their new home, the two software engineers checked on the Jewish presence. Mrs. Phelps had used the mikvah throughout her eight-year marriage.
“Of all the places we could have gone, we needed to be in a place with a Jewish community,” said Mrs. Phelps, 38. “We asked the right questions and did all the research,” and in doing so learned a mikvah was planned.
“If there were no plans we would have had to make a plan, such as building one ourselves or finding a public area that would have been successful,” she said.
Advocates for practicing the ritual say it strengthens marriages as wives and husbands monthly go through periods of physical separation.
“For a time you’ve been in your own personal space, and now you are back in a closer relationship with your spouse,” Mrs. Phelps said.
Mr. Bruk jokes that with the opening of the mikvah, Montana has become “a new hot spot for Jews.”