- The Washington Times - Sunday, June 14, 2009




Here in Europe, there is little media coverage about North Korea’s May 25 nuclear-weapons test or its increasingly frequent ballistic-missile launches. There is even less mention of Pyongyang’s decision to sentence two American female journalists to 12 years of “reform through labor” for “committing hostilities” and illegal entry.

North Korea’s flagrant violations of international law, repeated breaches of United Nations resolutions, rampant human rights abuses, wholesale currency counterfeiting, transnational kidnappings, threats of aggression and active state sponsorship of terrorism simply do not raise European ire. It wasn’t always that way.

Fifty-nine years ago this month, the North Korean People’s Army smashed across the 38th Parallel, capturing Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea. The battered South Korean army and its U.S. military advisers quickly were pushed into the Pusan Perimeter on the southern tip of the peninsula, and President Truman took the case to the U.N. Security Council.

American leadership and the absence of the Soviet ambassador resulted in swift passage of Security Council Resolution 84. The measure - perhaps the last time in history that the United Nations acted with dispatch - authorized use of force against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. During the bloody three-year war that followed, troops from seven European countries - and 10 others from around the world - fought beside U.S. soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines in Korea, finally securing an armistice July 27, 1953.

In the years since, the increasingly isolated patriarchal Stalinist regime in Pyongyang has raised visceral hatred of the United States to the level of a new art form while systematically violating the terms of the armistice and virtually every other agreement to which it is a party. In short, Pyongyang’s past behavior is a prelude to present and future conduct.

On Jan. 18, 1968, North Korean guerrillas attacked Seoul’s presidential palace in an attempt to assassinate South Korean President Park Chung-hee. President Johnson dispatched Special Envoy Cyrus Vance to discourage the South Koreans - with troops already committed in Vietnam - from undertaking a military response. Mr. Vance’s mission was a “success,” and no action - other than a strongly worded diplomatic note - was taken against Pyongyang.

Five days later, the USS Pueblo - a small, unarmed U.S. Navy surveillance vessel - was seized in international waters by North Korean patrol boats. Cmdr. Lloyd “Pete” Bucher and the 81 surviving members of the Pueblo’s crew were beaten and tortured by their captors while the Johnson administration, enmeshed in micromanaging the war in Vietnam, dithered. Finally, after a year of brutality - and being threatened that one member of his crew would be shot, starting with the youngest, each day - Cmdr. Bucher signed a concocted “confession.” The North Koreans promptly repatriated the crew and kept the Pueblo, which to this day they use as propaganda.

The unwillingness to deal forcefully with the North Korean regime in 1968 set a precedent from which neither the West in general nor the United States in particular has recovered. North Korean leaders, emboldened by the West’s flaccid response, stepped up their campaign of terror. Intelligence operatives and military units dispatched by Pyongyang have kidnapped hundreds of South Korean and Japanese mariners, fishermen and even civilian women and children. North Korean terrorists have made no fewer than three additional attempts to assassinate South Korean leaders. One of them, a 1983 bombing in Rangoon, killed 17 diplomats and members of South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan’s security detail. In 1987, a bomb placed aboard Korean Airlines Flight 858 killed all 115 aboard, including four Americans.

Little has changed in the two decades since except that North Korea has acquired nuclear weapons and the means of delivering them. In 1994, after North Korea’s “Great Leader,” Kim Il-sung, died of a heart attack at age 82, the Clinton administration opened the door to direct negotiations with Mr. Kim’s son and successor, Kim Jong-il. An “Agreed Framework” for dismantling North Korea’s nuclear weapons program was negotiated, and Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright went to Pyongyang to dance at the anniversary of the founding of the Workers’ Party of Korea. She famously proclaimed a “new beginning” for U.S. relations with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

Like father, like son; the dictators played us for suckers. Neither the Clinton administration’s initiatives nor those of his successor, President George W. Bush, produced any of the promised breakthroughs with Pyongyang. The Bush administration went so far as to remove the despots in Pyongyang from the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism.

Despite Western deliveries of massive amounts of humanitarian food aid and fuel oil to ease starvation, the North Koreans accelerated their nuclear and ballistic weapons programs while the West vacillated. Now the Obama administration is repeating the same mistakes. And President Obama - having vowed to “meet without preconditions” with brutal despots such as Kim Jong-il - runs the grave risk of making things even worse.

The capture of journalists Laura Ling and Euna Lee by a North Korean patrol along the Chinese-North Korean border March 17 provided Pyongyang with two new bargaining chips for avoiding stronger sanctions - and restarting stalled Six-Party Talks with the United States, Russia, China, Japan and South Korea. The harsh sentence meted out to the two women from former Vice President Al Gore’s Current TV operation is sure to expedite the opening of yet another diplomatic initiative - just what Pyongyang wants.

But if Mr. Obama thinks he can appease the outlaws in Pyongyang with an iPod or even a two-volume DVD collection of Hollywood’s best movies, he is mistaken.

Oliver North is the host of “War Stories” on Fox News Channel, the founder and honorary chairman of Freedom Alliance and the author of “American Heroes.”

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