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Despite the prevalence of the bills and the zeal of the legislators behind them, John Hudak of the Brookings Institution says they won’t lead to enforceable laws.

“The efforts going on in states right now will be ineffective in and of themselves,” said Mr. Hudak, a researcher of presidential power. “This is political pandering — it’s not an effective or a proper move by a state government.”

Mr. Hudak conceded the messaging from the White House on its gun proposals and enforcement mechanisms could have been better — but that its message was still willfully misinterpreted.

“They were misinterpreting ‘we’re going to do everything in our power’ with ‘we’re going to do everything,’” he said. “These concerns over the executive actions are typically based on an ignorance of what the executive actions are actually doing and the true reach and power of the president.”

Mr. Obama’s executive actions include directing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to conduct research on gun violence and directing Congress to confirm a permanent director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.

Mr. Hahm, though, argued the reading of the U.S. Constitution is clear and that the Supremacy Clause, which states federal law takes precedence over state law, doesn’t apply when federal law infringes on the Constitution.

“Anything that infringes upon that is not the supreme law of the land,” he said.