“In 1845, the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November became the official presidential election date.”
“In those years, when we were a primarily agrarian nation, Tuesday was a convenient day for most eligible voters (rural workers and land-owning gentry) to journey to the county seat, vote, and journey back home- a trek that could take up to three days. Congress did not want this travel to conflict with days of religious observance, which left Tuesday and Wednesday. Wednesday was market day. So: Tuesday.” - WhyTuesday?
“As for why Tuesday was chosen, it was not part of the recorded debate in Congress. The best guess is that Tuesday was chosen to avoid the pre-election preparations or post-election vote counting (which could often take several days to get a statewide total) from falling on Sunday, the Sabbath.” - Wikipedia.org
“But why Tuesday? Many people had to travel to get to the polls, so Monday was allotted as a travel day because Sunday was a day of worship. Nov. 1 was out because it is a Catholic holy day of obligation, All Saints Day.” - Emily Yoffe
— Brandon Leonard, multimedia intern, The Washington Times